Cash Flow and Fund Flow

Cash flow simply means a factual presentation of cash inflows and outflows. This will give a clear picture of cash and cash equivalents movement during a period of time. Cash flow statement shows the actual cash flow of a company. This summaries the data of cash or cash related activities only. On the other side fund flow is broader term which never confine to cash movements only but this will show the sources & application of funds and its movements over a period of time. The major key aspect of fund flow is its working capital presentation. Business operations can easily be analysed through pointing out the movements of working capital. The key decisions of management which affect capital structure can be planned by utilising data presented in fund flow statement through making a comparison of working and fixed capital which will enable progressive growth in prospective environment. Funds flow statements shows that where the funds have been generated & where they have been utilised. Thus a fund means current assets & currents liabilities of company. If current assets are more that current liabilities that working capital of a company will be increased & if current liabilities are more that current Assets it will be decrease. Thus fund flow shows the reason of change in working capital. This is a statement of sources & uses of application of funds. The sources are funds from operation, sale of fixed assets, issue of share capital & debenture, on operating receipts.